Linda H. Rugg

Professor Rugg’s research has long focused on issues related to self-construction and self-representation, particularly in textual autobiography and visual media. Authorship is another strong allied research interest, with special attention to the authorships and authorial personae of August Strindberg, Mark Twain, Ingmar Bergman, and a range of art cinema directors who perform as authors. In addition to her interest in autobiographical studies, Rugg has drawn inspiration for her research from two of the courses she teaches: “Ecology and Culture in Scandinavia” and “Hyperwhite: Policing the Boundaries of Whiteness in American Literature and Film.” The ecology course led to an exploration of the Scandinavian ecological subject in literature, art, and film, while the hyperwhite course (based originally on American culture) developed into a study of whiteness and race as represented in Nordic literature, film, and visual arts. She is working on articles and book projects in both of these fields. Rugg has been active as a translator of critical essays and literature from both Swedish and German into English. She enjoys lecturing and teaching in the broader community, both in individual presentations at diverse venues and through the Osher Lifelong Learning Institute at the University. She has served as a consultant on the Environmental Humanities to Sweden’s Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research (MISTRA). For five years she acted as a member of the Modern Language Association’s Executive Division Committee for Autobiography, Biography, and Life-Writing, and she has also served as a member of the Executive Board for the Society for the Advancement of Scandinavian Study. She is on the editorial board for Samlaren: Tidskrift för forskning om svensk och annan nordisk litteratur (Journal for the Study of Swedish and Other Nordic Literature.” She is a co-editor with colleague Professor Sanders for the third volume of the ICLA project, A Comparative History of Nordic Literary Cultures.


Self-Projection: The Director’s Image in Art Cinema, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2014.

Picturing Ourselves: Photography and Autobiography (1997) University of Chicago Press. 286 pages, 38 illustrations.


Karen Møller

Karen Møller directs the Scandinavian Languages program and mentors the Graduate Student Instructors who teach Scandinavian-language courses. She teaches all levels of Danish language classes and courses in Nordic philology, foreign-language pedagogy, Scandinavian emigration and inter-Nordic communication. Her interests are focused on foreign-language teaching and learning, especially related to Less Commonly Taught Languages (LCTL). Throughout her career Møller has been devoted to developing her teaching and teacher training to encompass effective new approaches promoting language learning. She has previously worked on introducing Readers Theater and implemented Watcyn-Jones’ Pair Work theory; more recently, she has adapted Visual Thinking Strategies (VTS) for the foreign Language classroom and explored the benefits for language teaching in a Flipped Classroom. She was part of a pioneering team to develop an online and synchronous Distance Learning Program, which shares language classes between all ten UC campuses, a topic on which she gives workshops and presentations. Møller has served as Academic Coordinator with the Berkeley Language Center (BLC) from 1992-1997 under Claire Kramsch as Director, and she has since 1996 served as Faculty interviewer and Mentor for the Regents’ and Chancellor’s Scholarship (under CUSH).

John Lindow

Professor Lindow’s research focuses on two areas. Within the Old Norse-Icelandic literary tradition, he is particularly interested in myth and religion and the texts and genres that reflect them. In his research on the folklore of northern Europe, Lindow has specialized in the stories of the rural countryside, from Greenland to Karelia. Common to his research in both areas is an attempt to understand how texts function, both internally and in their greater literary and cultural contexts, with the concept of “culture” understood broadly. His current major project, undertaken cooperatively with a number of international scholars, involves a multi-volume presentation of current thinking about pre-Christian religion of the North, using not only the textual evidence but also archaeological and comparative evidence. Lindow has taught as a Fulbright lecturer at the University of Iceland and held a research appointment at the Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in Uppsala.


Comitatus, Individual and Honor: Studies in North Germanic Institutional Vocabulary. University of California Publications in Linguistics, 83. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1976.

Swedish Legends and Folktales. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1978.

Old Norse-Icelandic Literature: A Critical Guide. Ed. with Carol Clover. Cornell Univ. Press, 1985. Rpt. University of Toronto Press, 2005.

Structure and Meaning in Old Norse Literature: New Approaches to Textual Analysis and Literary Criticism. Ed. John Lindow, Lars Lönnroth and Gerd Wolfgang Weber. Viking Series, 3. Odense: Odense University Press, 1986.

Scandinavian Mythology: An Annotated Bibliography. Garland Folklore Bibliographies, 13; Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, 393. New York and London: Garland Publishing, 1988.

Murder and Vengeance Among the Gods: Baldr in Scandinavian Mythology. FF Communications, 262. Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia, 1997.

Medieval Folklore: An Encyclopedia of Myths, Legends, Tales, Beliefs, and Customs. Ed. Carl Lindahl, John McNamara, and John Lindow. ABC Clio, 2000. Also Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 2002.

Norse Mythology: A Guide to the Gods, Heroes, Rituals, and Beliefs. Oxford etc.: Oxford Univ. Press, 2002.

Trolls: An Unnatural History. London: Reaktion Books, 2014.



Kate Heslop

Professor Heslop’s research centres on Old Norse textual culture, especially skaldic and eddic poetry, the sagas and the heroic tradition. » read more »

Karin Sanders

Professor Sanders’s research centers on questions of Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Scandinavian Literature, with an emphasis on Danish Literature (especially H.C. Andersen, Søren Kierkegaard, and Isak Dinesen). She also researches in literary history, romanticism, word & image studies, archaeology in art and literature, ethics and literature, affect and literature, and gender studies. In much of her research, Sanders has devoted attention to the ways in which material culture and visual representation intersect with literary culture. She has published numerous articles on the relationship between words and images, sculpture and death masks, material culture and literature, archaeology and modernity, romanticism, gender and aesthetics, art and ethics. Her work is featured in the History of Nordic Women’s Literature. She is currently working on a book-length study on the subject of Hans Christian Andersen’s material imagination and the lives of things in his work. Sanders is an elected member of Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters. She serves on numerous editorial boards and is coeditor of volume 3 of A Comparative History of Nordic Literary Cultures.


Konturer: Skulptur- og dødsbilleder fra Guldalderlitteraturen. [Contours: Sculture and Death Images from the Golden Age Literature] Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press, 1997. 269 pages.

Bodies in the Bog and the Archaeological Imagination. Chicago, London: University of Chicago Press, 2009. 344 pages. (Paperback edition, Chicago, London, 2012).


Jonas Wellendorf

Professor Wellendorf’s research focuses on questions concerning the interface between the vernacular Old Norse literature and the Latin tradition. He is particularly interested in learned literature, broadly defined, mythography, the skaldic poetry of the Old Norse renaissance around 1200, and Old Norse treatises on grammar and poetics. He wrote his doctoral dissertation on vision literature and has also published on runes, The saga of king Sverrir (and Saxo Grammaticus), the Icelandic bishops’ chronicle Hungrvaka, the Icelandic Book of Settlements, Old Norse cosmology, hagiography, idolatry, mythology, and many other subjects. Common to these diverse studies is that the Old Norse texts are studied against the backdrop of a wider classical and medieval Latin tradition. Wellendorf’s recent book Gods and Humans in Medieval Scandinavia: Retying the Bonds examines the changing understandings of pre-Christian Scandinavian myth and religion in the period ca. 1200–ca. 1700.

Many of Professor Wellendorf’s publications can be read here.



Gods and Humans in Medieval Scandinavia: Retying the Bonds. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018. 

The Fourth Grammatical Treatise, ed. with Margaret Clunies Ross. London: The Viking Society, 2014 [download complete text].

Fjöld veit hon frœða: Utvalde arbeid av Else Mundal, ed. with Odd Einar Haugen and Bernt Øyvind Thorvaldsen. Bibliotheca Nordica 5. Oslo: Novus, 2012.

Kristelig visionslitteratur i norrøn tradition. Bibliotheca Nordica 2. Oslo: Novus, 2009.

Oral art forms and their passage into writing, ed. with Else Mundal. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press, 2008.


Carol J. Clover

Research interests: Early Scandinavian literature and culture. Old Icelandic language. Film history and theory (also through the Rhetoric Department). Emphasis in both medieval and film fields has been on social-historical topics (especially sex/gender and law) and narrative history and theory (especially issues of orality/literacy and genre).

Current projects: Present research includes work on legal process and narrative in both its film and its saga manifestations. Her book-in-progress, The People’s Plot: Trials, Movies, and the Adversarial Imagination, will be published by Princeton University Press. She is also doing research into the legal origins of Icelandic saga narrative.
Professor Clover is a member of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences and holds an Honorary Doctorate from Lund University, Sweden as well as an Honorary Doctorate from the University of Iceland. She is also the recipient of the UC Berkeley Distinguished Service Award.

Men, Women, and Chain Saws: Gender in the Modern Horror Film. Princeton Univ. Press and British Film Institute, 1992. Reissued as a Princeton Classic, 2014.

Old Norse-Icelandic Literature: A Critical Guide. Ed. with John Lindow. Cornell Univ. Press, 1985.   Rpt. University of Toronto Press, 2005.

The Medieval Saga. Cornell Univ. Press, 1982.


Mark Sandberg

Professor Sandberg’s research centers on questions of comparative media history and late-nineteenth and early-twentieth century visual cultures, including the intermedial history of literature, recording technologies, museum display, theater, and silent film. Throughout his career he has developed research specialties in Norwegian literature and cultural history (especially Ibsen and Hamsun), Scandinavian film history, literary and film historiography, and international forms of current serial television. Throughout much of his research, Sandberg has devoted attention to the ways in which the experiences of readers and spectators have contributed to the discourses of visual and literary culture. He enjoys working with wide-ranging historical sources in order to explore the cultural context of films and literary texts. The book Ibsen’s Houses: Architectural Metaphor and the Modern Uncanny, springs from this approach and was published by Cambridge University Press in 2015. His next book project concerns the connection between trauma discourse and popular forms of seriality in recent American television. Sandberg has served as President of the Society for the Advancement of Scandinavian Study, and is currently President of the Ibsen Society of America. He is also a lead editor for the ICLA project, Nordic Literature: A Comparative History. He holds a joint appointment in UCB’s Department of Film and Media.


Living Pictures, Missing Persons: Mannequins, Museums, and Modernity. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2003.

Ibsen’s Houses: Architectural Metaphor and the Modern Uncanny. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015.